Burdocks bloom from July until September, and they are generally found in shady places or on waste ground. Lesser Burdock can be found all over the UK and Ireland apart from inland mountainous areas of Scotland since it can tolerate a greater range of soils than can Greater Burdock. It is very similar to lesser burdock, but has more lanceolate or triangular leaves that are coarsely toothed; and it has rounder, somewhat larger flowers. Capitula borne in corymbose clusters. Other threads similar to Greater Burdock vs Lesser Burdock? wild rhubarb. Burdock generally thrives in places that have been disturbed by humans. Lesser Burdock has a greater range than does Greater Burdock, stretching as far north as the tips of Scotland whereas Greater Burdock is not found north of Tebay. 2 synonyms for lesser burdock: Arctium minus, common burdock. I'm guessing the Greater (Arctium Lappa) has the bigger root. Hollow petiole to the basal leaves. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. 15 replies 1 4. plants. Lesser Burdock Arctium minus. Click on any of … Many globose flower heads grow in panicles. → Distribution map This species can spread rapidly through the dispersal of its hooked fruits, which attach themselves to clothing and animal fur. Greater burdock, also known as gobo, edible burdock, lappa, beggar's buttons and giant burdock, is a species of plant found largely in Europe and Asia. (Kasviatlas, University of Helsinki). Name also: Great Burdock, Beggar’s Buttons, Sticky Willie, Edible burdock, Lappa Burdock, Gobo, Family: Daisy Family – Compositae, subfamily Carduoideae. The flowers of Great Burdock can be up to 40 mm in diameter and do not extend significantly beyond the surrounding bracts. Lesser burdock and wood burdock (A. nemorosum), which look very alike, can grow in the same places. Height: 90–200 cm (35–80 in.). Legislated Because. The Lesser Burdock is the main Burdock here in Calgary but I did get a chance to see this one Greater Burdock plant. Starting in 1948 George de Mestral, a Swiss inventor, created Velcro after walking his dog and noticing the ‘burs’ from Burdock sticking to his dog. All rights reserved. Greater burdock has been an important medicinal plant which has also been deliberately transplanted to new growing areas. Involucral bracts overlap in many rows, long, straggly, narrowly elliptic, rigid, light green, yellow, hook-tipped. Plants are cultivated for their slender roots, which can grow about 1 meter long and 2 cm across. Wood Burdock, → Distribution map (Kasviatlas, University of Helsinki) Other species from the same genus. 8 replies 3 1. gardening for beginners. The name burdock comes from the Greek origin of Arctium, which translates roughly to bear. Greater burdock was used during the Middle Ages as a vegetable, but now it is rarely used, with the exception of Japan where it is called gobō (牛蒡 or ゴボウ), Taiwan (牛蒡), Korea where it is called ueong (우엉), Italy, Brazil and Portugal, where it is known as bardana.Plants are cultivated for their slender roots, which can grow about 1 meter long and 2 cm across. The Velcro-like burrs attach to one's clothing or animals' fur. Phylum: Magnoliophyta - Class: Equisetopsida - Order: Asterales - Family: Asteraceae. Identify species based on their characteristics! In flower, the head is more or less corymbose (i.e the lower flowers have longer stalks, so that the inflorescence is virtually flat-topped). First-year plants form large rosettes. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Burdock collects nutrition for its roots for a whole year, sometimes more, before their flowering time. Stem leaves are large, heart-shaped, and very hairy on the undersides. Involucre virtually spherical, flattish, open when ripe, (almost) glabrous. Flowers themselves are identical. In Asia Burdock is still used to this day where it is collected commercially and called Gobo. Growing Burdock, Greater vs Lesser? Strong taproot. Greater burdock is very similar to lesser burdock but grows much taller. Burdock was commonly used in cooking in the UK in times past but has long been forgotten about. Growing form: Biennial herb. The easiest way to tell them apart is that the latter is generally much larger. Stem branched, rough, usually sparsely hairy. greater burdock Arctium minus lesser burdock Arctium ×mixtum [Arctium minus × A. tomentosum] burrdock Arctium ×nothum [Arctium lappa × A. minus] burrdock Arctium tomentosum woolly burdock Arctium vulgare woodland burdock Legal Status. Gynoecium composed of 2 fused carpels. Wetland Status. Burdock is best recognized as a stout, common weed with annoying burrs that stick to animal fur and clothing. Arctium lappa is the main species used, though this species has similar properties. Basal leaves are dark green, heart-shaped, and up to 1 ft. (0.3 m) long. Disc … We hope that you have found this information helpful. Burdocks that grow together easily cross-breed, and part of the greater burdock stand is actually comprised of hybrids between greater and lesser burdock. lesser burdock synonyms, lesser burdock pronunciation, lesser burdock translation, English dictionary definition of lesser burdock. Stamens 5. The most common kind of burdock -and likely the one you have growing wild on your property – is the lesser burdock, also known as Arctium minus. While hiking, he had noticed that burrs (burdock seeds) stuck to his clothing extraordinarily well. The leaves are also thought to have anti-bacterial properties, and they can be wrapped around skin eruptions. - click for video - Flowers. Greater Burdock vs Lesser Burdock? Interpreting Wetland Status. Arctium minus, commonly known as lesser burdock, little burdock, louse-bur, common burdock, button-bur, cuckoo-button, or wild rhubarb, is a biennial plant.This plant is native to Europe, but has become introduced elsewhere such as Australia, North and South America, and other places.. A single flower measures approximately 2.5 cm (1”) with the capitula surrounded by involucral bracts. Synonyms for lesser burdock in Free Thesaurus. It can have glabrous or hairy flowers. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law. plants. Greater burdock plant grows about a meter in height. nope, it's cocklebur! « on: August 04, 2016, 18:11 » Does anyone know if there is a major difference in the amount of root produced by the 2 different varieties. Uses Food and drink . Hybrid tomatoes vs heirloom varieties. This plant grows relatively tall therefore having deep roots which are brownish green, or nearly black on the outside. Fun facts: Lesser burdock is used as a medicine, the dried root was considered an official drug as a blood purifier. If so we are sure you would find our books Wonderful Wildflowers of Wales, vols 1 to 4, by Sue Parker and Pat O'Reilly very useful too. A stout flowering stalk is formed in the second year. Lesser Burdock, Woolly Burdock, Alpine Saw-wort, Brown Knapweed, Cabbage Thistle, Carline Thistle, Cornflower, Cotton Thistle, Creeping Thistle, Curled Thistle, Giant Knapweed, Greater Knapweed, Lesser Burdock, Lesser Knapweed, Marsh Thistle, Melancholy Thistle, Milk Thistle, Musk Thistle, Perennial Cornflower, Persian Cornflower, Russian Globe Thistle, Spear Thistle, Welted Thistle, Wig Knapweed, Wood Burdock, Woolly Burdock. Herb: Lesser Burdock Latin name: Arctium minus Family: Compositae Medicinal use of Lesser Burdock: Burdock is one of the foremost detoxifying herbs in both Chinese and Western herbal medicine. It is very similar to lesser burdock, but has more lanceolate or triangular leaves that are coarsely toothed; and it has rounder, somewhat larger flowers. Woolly burdock (A. tomentosum; also known as downy burdock ), whose capitulum has a woolly covering, is much more common, as is the slightly smaller lesser burdock (A. minus). Capitulum has no ray-florets, disk florets red (rarely white), tubular. A tall plant, Greater burdock has large, downy, heart-shaped leaves with wavy margins. The bracts of the flower heads end in hooked bristles (a bur) which catch on fur and clothing, allowing the seed to be spread over a large area. Does anyone know if there is a major difference in the amount of root produced by the 2 different varieties. The plants shown on this page were photographed in Wales. A more or less racemose inflorescence (the outer flowers have short stalks or are stalkless). This prickly wildflower is not in fact a member of the dock family; it belongs to the daisy family, Asteraceae. Habitat: Yards and roadsides, around old dwelling areas, also rubbish tips and mill areas. What are synonyms for lesser burdock? Greater burdock has spread far into Asia, and in the East its thick roots are a prized dish and are used in much the same way as Spanish salsify (Scorzonera hispanica) is used in the West. Woolly burdock (A. tomentosum; also known as downy burdock ), whose capitulum has a woolly covering, is much more common, as is the slightly smaller lesser burdock (A. minus). Related Links. Burdock root is available as a tea, an herbal tincture, a crushed powder that a person can take in pill form, and as a decoction, which is a liquid made from boiling the herb. The stem of the greater burdock is solid and that of the lesser burdock is hollow. That has been the favourite sunny spot for some of the more interesting flies, enabling me to get some good images. wild burdock. Define lesser burdock. Arctium nemorosum ( Wood Burdock) is rare in VC55, with sessile outer flowers and glabrous flowers; it is very similar to A minus, with differences in the phyllaries; a specimen would be needed for verification. The basal rosette of leaves stays close to the ground the first year and the beginning of the second. Antonyms for lesser burdock. Is this great burdock? lesser burdock. Greater burdock spread to Finland early on, which can be seen in the way that it is concentrated in the heart of old dwelling areas. Like the common (or greater) burdock (Arctium lappa) there are many similaries between the two plants. wide, single flower-like capitula surrounded by involucral bracts. Greater burdock is recognized by its feltless capitula and the yellow hooked tips of their involucral bracts. Typically, the plant grows to a metre, with flower heads between 15 mm and 30 mm in diameter with florets that extend well beyond the tips of the surrounding bracts. Stands are often very small, consisting of only a few tens of plants. Leaves of Lesser Burdock are alternate; they are oval or cordate and finely toothed. Its broad, heart-shaped, coarse leaves feature deep-green on the top and light green on the underside similar to that of in rhubarb.In the summer, its thick hairy stems of about 5 feet in length bear red-purple tubular flowers, which subsequently develop into seed-heads or burrs with hooked spines. The sure way to tell them apart is by the stem. Terms of use - Privacy policy - Disable cookies - External links policy. Greater burdock is recognized by its feltless capitula and the yellow hooked tips of their involucral bracts. According to enchantedlearning.com, "George de Mestral was a Swiss engineer who invented Velcro in 1948. Blade triangular–broadly ovate, usually cordate based, with toothed margins, underside white-grey-cottony. Greater burdock is not really used in any practical way in Finland, and is collected only rarely. The seed heads, or burs, have hooked bracts and become attached to the fur of animals; in this way the seeds are distributed. The leaf petioles of basal leaves are solid, unlike the commoner Lesser Burdock. Posts: 23. posted 4 years ago. Greater burdock has also spread to a certain extent to city yards and streets, even though construction work and pavements constantly reduce the amount of waste ground areas that suit the species. It produces egg-shaped, thistle-like flower heads that appear in loose clusters and eventually give rise to the familiar sticky burs with their large hooks. © Copyright: Images: Jouko Lehmuskallio. Lesser burdock, also called common burdock, was introduced from Europe in the 17th century for its medicinal and culinary purposes. These burrs can cause eye, nose, and mouth injuries in livestock. Flowers: A. minus has flower heads 1/2 to 1 inch wide, either stalkless or on short stalks and the flowers stick up above the bracts, whereas A. lappa has heads 1 to 1-1/2 inch wide, on long stalks the upper bracts are as long as the flowers. Lesser burdock is a tall, broad-leaved plant with hollow stems and clusters of short-stemmed, purple, brush-like flower heads which appear from July to September. Comparison of Lesser Burdock with Greater Burdock. Lesser burdock is a tall (up to 6 ft. [1.8 m]) invasive biennial forb that occurs throughout the United States. It is extremely hardy, and has been found everywhere from the Northern Nordic countries to the mid-Mediterranean regions, and as far east as the Japanese islands and the Arabic nations. By Tom Cowley. Lesser burdock can be distinguishes from greater burdock by its diminutive size and the channel along the top of leaf stalks, similar to rhubarb. The taproot of young burdock plants can be harvested and eaten as a root vegetable. Richard Yorke. Lesser Burdock produces purple flowers in its second year of growth, from July to October. Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. Greater Burdock : Greater Burdock « Back . In southern Europe a tincture was made of its roots, which was used to externally treat skin diseases such as pustules, acne and boils. growing apples from seeds vs. cloning. A major difference in the 17th century for its roots for a whole,... Unlike the commoner lesser burdock downy, heart-shaped, and mouth injuries in livestock finely toothed the way. Where it is collected commercially and called Gobo - family: Asteraceae its medicinal and culinary purposes burdock wood... Genteel in that it favours old cities and manor houses, forming stands in their avenues and.! 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